Making sure that we have identified the right problem to solve.
Understanding the needs of users and other stakeholders.
Turning data into insights to identify innovation opportunities.
Creating and screening a wide range of innovative solution proposals.
Making prototypes of the most promising concepts.
Testing of prototypes in laboratory or testing ground settings.
Testing and refinement of prototypes in a field environment.
Planning and preparing for production and diffusion.
Spreading products and practices as widely as possible.